Rajanikanta Bordoloi

Rajanikanta Bordoloi (1866 – 1939) was an eminent Assamese writer and journalist. He was one of the pioneers of romanticism in Assamese literature. He is popularly known as Upanyash Samrat (the King of novels). Some critics also called him the Walter Scott of Assam. Bordoloi was the President of the Asam Sahitya Sabha in 1925 which was held at Nagaon.


Rajanikanta Borodoloi was born on November 24, 1866. He graduated from Calcutta University. During his stay in Calcutta, he was actively associated with Asamiya Bhasa Unnati Sadhini Sabha. Returning to Assam, Borodoloi joined government services.

Bordoloi started writing novels only after Sir Edward Gait assigned him with the task of collecting historical and ethnographic materials for his new book Assam. Bordoloi wrote Miri Jiyori in the year 1894, which was based on a tragic story of a pair of Miri (Mishing) boy and girl – Jonki and Panoi. Bordoloi’s second novel Manomati came out in the year 1900. Manomati told the story of a group of people caught between retreating Ahom forces and advancing Burmese army. Bordoloi was a regular contributor to leading magazines such as Junaki, Usha, Assam Hitoishi, Bahi and Abahon. He also edited a monthly Assamese magazine called Pradipika.¬†Rajanikanta Bordoloipresided over the 1925′s Nagaon session of Asam Sahitya Sabha.

Rajanikanta Borodoloi died on March 25, 1939 in Guwahati, Assam.


Novel: Miri Jiyori (1894), Manomoti(1900), Donduadrah (1909), Rahdoi Ligiri (1930), Nirmal Bhakat (1927), Tamreswar Mandir (1926), Rangilee (1925),  Thamba-Thoibir Sadhu (1932)

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